1、 word study
We have to accept the objective reality as it is.
The literary critics should be as objective as possible in analysis and judgement.
People work hard to carry out the economic objectives of the Ninth Five-Year Plan.
My objective for the present is to pass the oral exam.
The singer was accompanied on the piano by his pupil.
The lonely old man is accompanied by his dog.
All orders must be accompanied with cash.
She is always ready to argue over the smallest issues.
He often argues philosophy with James.
He argued for immediate action.
They argued against such a policy.
argue into（out of）doing sth.. 说服某人做（不做）某事。
I argued him out of going on such a dangerous journey.
He argued that man was descended from apes.
Work is defined as the product of a force and the distance through which its point of application moves in the direction of the force.
He has defined his position on the issues.
A decision is a choice made from among alternative courses of action that are available.
Often managers must make a best guess at what the future will be and try to leave as little as possible to chance. 3、如果没有选择，就无决策可言。P3
If there is no choice, there is no decision to be made.
For managers, every decision has constraints based on policies, procedures, laws, precedents, and the like.
For example, managers sometimes treat problems in an either/or fashion.
Decision makers must have some way of determining which of several alternatives is best—that is, which contributes the most to the achievement of organizational goals.
In the larger scheme of things, however, increased funding for research to improve the products might be more beneficial to the organization.
Some of these objectives are more important than others, but the order and degree of importance often vary form person to person and from department to department .
1.单词英译汉 goal, objective, accomplish, predict, accompany, implement, tendency, achievement, argue, budget, define, entity, 2.词组英译汉 in the way, in part, point of view, contribute to, to apply for, in hand, to turn down 3.句子英译汉 与常考句型相同。
4.Text A 汉译英 决策者应该能够对将来作出最好的推测。 Decision makers should be able to make a best guess at what the future will be. 有人认为经理们所作的一切均与决策有关。 Some people believe almost everything a manager does involves decision. 没有正确的选择就没有正确的决定。 If there is no proper choice, there is no proper decision. 不同的人对同样的问题有不同的看法，所以解决的办法也不同。 Different people have different ideas about the same problem; their solutions to the problem are, therefore, also different. 决策者往往是企业业务发展的关键。 Decision makers often play the key role in the development of the business of a company. Decision makers are usually key people who determine the companys business development.
1. Almost everything a manager does _______ (involve) decisions, indeed, some suggest that the management process is decision making . (99.4)。
答案是involves . 考点: involve 为谓语动词，应该用一般现在时。
2.If there is no choice, there is no decision _______(make). (99.4)
答案是to be made 。考点：to be made 是动词不定式作定语修饰decision.
3. If you are now_____your thirties, you can expect to live nearly one third of the rest of your life after the age of 60. (99.4)
A. in B. at C. between D. among
4. Almost everything a manager does_____decisions; indeed, some suggest that the management process is decision making. (00.4)
A. imposes B. improvise C. involves D. indicates
5. When______(present) with a common case, sales managers tend to see sales problems and production managers see production problems.
答案为presented . 考点： present 是过去分词作状语。
6. An organization is a group of people, and a decision_____(make) today may have consequences far into the future.
答案是made . 考点：make 是过去分词作定语， 修饰decision .
答案：Often managers must make a best guess at what the future will be.
答：The purpose of making a decision is to achieve organizational goals.
答： The decision-making process is fundamental to business management.
答：Almost everything a manager does involves decision-making.
答： Although we cannot predict the future, we must try t leave as little as possible to chance.
答： Different manager define the same problem in different terms.