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名师串讲综合英语(二)(珍藏版)18

山西自考网 发布时间:2013年07月25日

27.照应后面将要出现的人、物或者事

1)用人称代词和物主代词

After he had retired from the service I was acquainted with the late colonel John Browne.

They understood one another all right,Jack and her.

(2)用指示代词thisthese

Well,you might not believe this but I don’t drink very much.

I don’t know whether this is right but I do think the boy should be returned to his father.

(3)followingbelow等词来照应后面

Please read the following dialogue and then answer these questions.

Now let’s examine the report given below.Reported Questions,Commands and Exclamations

28.引用他人的问句时可直接引用,也可间接引用。

1)由wh引导的特殊疑问句变成间接引语时,把疑问句形式改成陈述句形式,人称代词、时态和状语作适当调整。

“What would you like me to buy for you?”he asked me.

He asked me what I would like him to buy for me.

“How often do you visit your parents?”the teacher asked Bob.

The teacher asked Bob how often he visited his parents.

(2)一般疑问句变成间接引语时,先加ifwhether,再把疑问句变成陈述句形式,人称代词、时态和状语也要注意适当调整。

“Are you ready now?”Mother asked her boy.

Mother asked her boy if/whether he was ready then.

“Will you be waiting for me this afternoon?”Susan asked John.

Susan asked John if/whether he would be waiting for her that afternoon.29.祈使句变成间接引语时,将祈使句改换成动词不定式,然后置于引导间接引语的I/we/he/she/they told/ased him等之后。

“Be quiet!”I told him.

I told him to be quiet.

“Sit down and don’t move,”the policeman said to the young man.

The policeman told the young man to sit down and not to move.

30.感叹句变成间接引语时,有两种转换形式:一种以原来的感叹词whathow为引导词,原来的词序不变;一种以that为引导词,词序由感叹句形式变成陈述句形式。

“What a good idea it is!”

He said what a good idea it was.

He said that it was a good idea.

“How fantastic the students’ performance is!”

He said how fantastic the students’ performance was.

He said that the students’ performance was fantastic.

Modal Verbs:need,dare,used to,ought to

31.need作情态动词时,主要用于否定句和疑问句,表示没有必要……”有必要……吗?

You needn’t come all the way just to see the film.

Need we accompany our aging parents wherever they go?

(1)needn’t have + ed分词表示虽然已完成但却是没必要的行为。

You needn’t have paid the admission fee,for the lecture was free for members of the club.

He needn’t have bought such a large TV set.His children would have been quite happy with a smaller one.

(2)needn’t have + ed分词与didn’t need to do sth.的区别:后者表示不一定非干某事,而通常也并没有这样做

I needn’t have bought the cheese,for there is plenty at home.

(我本来是根本没必要买奶酪的,家里还有很多。)

I didn’t need to buy any cheese,for in my home no one enjoys it.

(我不用买奶酪,因为家里没人爱吃。)

 注意:在didn’t need to结构中,need不是情态动词而是实义动词。

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