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名师串讲综合英语(二)(珍藏版)15

山西自考网 发布时间:2013年07月25日

12.用感叹词和感叹句表示强调,Oh,Wow表示吃惊;Ah,Aha表示满意,肯定等;Ouch,Ow表示痛苦;Ooh表示高兴,舒适等。

Oh,what a beautiful present!

Ah,that’s just what I wanted.

Aha,these slides are exactly what I was looking for.

Wow,what a fantastic goal!

Ouch,my foot!

Ooh,this cream cake’s delicious.

13.重复表示强调

It’s far, far too expensive.

I agree with every word you’ve said,every single word.

14.文字材料中用斜体表示强调

Is that the only thing?

“You say it couldn’t”said Beamish.

Absolute Structure

独立结构一般用于正式语体,是描写性的文学语言。从形式上来说,独立结构可分成四类:不定式独立结构、现在分词独立结构、过去分词独立结构和无动词独立结构。

Four little girls followed the bride,two to hold her wedding gown,two to hold flowers.(不定式)

Dinner was Japanese,the family sitting on the floor in the traditional way.(现在分词)

Her eyes looked from my face down to my foot,with the chalk gripped between my toes.(过去分词)

A case in both hands,Mabel walked out of the house.(无动词)

15.独立结构的构成

1)不定式独立结构:名词词组+不定式结构

The football star testified in court this morning that he had not taken any illegal drugs,the details to be reported this evening.

We have worked out a plan to make full use of our limited money,my husband’s salary to pay for our daughter’s education fees and mine to buy daily necessities.

(2)现在分词独立结构:(介词+)名词词组+现在分词结构

Here!Change into a glass bowl full of water with goldfish swimming in it.

Without anyone noticing,I slipped through the window.

(3)过去分词独立结构:(介词+)名词词组+过去分词结构

I wouldn’t dare go home without the job finished.

Mr. Fotheringay stood with a forefinger stretched out and the troubled face of one expecting a terrible crash.

(4)无动词独立结构:(介词+)名词词组+(介词词组)+(形容词词组或副词词组或名词词组)

The summer holidays over,we went back to work.

Two thousand people died in the earthquake,many of them children.16.独立结构在句中通常作状语,口语中常用状语从句表达相应的内容

1)表示时间

Lunch finished(When lunch was finished),the guests retired to the lounge.

Their exams finished,the students went on an outing.

2)表示原因

Christmas then only days away(As Christmas was only days away),the family was pent up with excitement.

The weather having improved(As the weather had improved),we enjoyed the remainder of the game.

(3)表示条件

With them on our side(If they are on our side),we are secure.

Weather permitting(If weather permits),we’ll go fishing tomorrow.

(4)表示伴随情况

The lamp hung upside down in the air,burning quietly with its flame pointing down.

Without a tear on her face,the girl watched her father being led away.

The Subjunctive Mood in It’s time...,

I wish...,I’d rather...,If only...

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