254俄罗斯最线路网站-糖果派对俄罗斯网址495

名师串讲综合英语(二)(珍藏版)6

山西自考网 发布时间:2013年07月25日

23.as+名词/形容词/分词作宾语补足语

He seemed to regard it as his own achievement.(名词)

Her teacher spoke of her as gentle,kind and hardworking.(形容词)

You mustn’t think of me as being rude to you.(分词词组)

 

The Predictive

The Subject Complement

 

24.表语置于系动词后,构成主语+系(动词)+表语结构

1)名词词组、形容词词组和介词词组作表语

She is a very responsible teacher.(名词词组)

It was indeed a terrible thing to happen.(形容词词组)

Your room is on the third floor,Sir.(介词词组)

2)不定式结构作表语

The question is where to get the money and how to organize the work.

An artist’s business is to show the world as he sees it,not to make it better.

注意be + to do 不一定都是系表结构,这一结构常常用来表示命令或安排。

You are to wear uniforms at work.(命令)

The plane is to take off at 8∶30 p.m.(安排)

3)动名词和分词词组作表语

His favourite sport is playing football.(动名词词组)

The door remained locked for a whole day.(名词)

注意:过去分词作表语时,起形容词作用,没有被动的意思。

He was too excited to be able to take part in the contest.

(4)代词作表语

This room is yours;the next one is mine.

Don’t worry.It’s nothing serious.

(5)名词从句作表语

Their idea is that we should build another school in this district.

The fact is that I can’t do much about this.

25.主语补足语是在句中补充说明主语状况的成分

在主语+谓语+主补结构中谓语表示主语的行为,主补表示主语的状况。

1)谓语为不及物动词

die,returnbe born后面可跟形容词或名词作补语。

He died young.(形容词)

He died a hero.(名词)

一般不及物动词后只能跟形容词或过去分词作主语补足语。

The students walked home pround and satisfied.

(2)谓语为及物动词时可由形容词或过去分词作主语补足语。

He gazed at her speechless.

She stared at the box wideeyed.

(3)带有宾语补足语的句子变成被动语态时,宾语补足语则变成了主语补足语。

The door was kicked open.(形容词)

Xiao Wang was elected President of the Students’ Association.(名词)

The patient was told not to take too much salt.(不定式词组)

The tap was left running all night.(分词词组)

Adjectives(Ⅰ)

254俄罗斯最线路网站|糖果派对俄罗斯网址495

XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图