254俄罗斯最线路网站-糖果派对俄罗斯网址495

名师串讲综合英语(二)(珍藏版)5

山西自考网 发布时间:2013年07月25日

20.句子结构的省略

英语句子的某些成分在一定的情况下可以省略,如祈使句省略主语,比较从句省略谓语、宾语等。这里着重归纳并列句和复合句中的省略。

1)并列句中的省略

一般说来,第二个并列从句中与第一个并列从句相同的成分通常都可省略。

My sister likes music and I(like)painting.(省略谓语)

People there will go sailing in summer and (they will go) skiing in winter.(省略主语、谓语)

He won an Oscar Award(奥斯卡奖)in 1976 and his wife (won an Oscar Award) in 1977.(省略谓语、宾语)

2)复合句中的省略

省略如果出现在主句,则多出现在句首。

(It is) No wonder she speaks such good Chinese.

(You’d) Better stay where you are.

(It’s a ) Pity I can’t go with you.

复合句中的省略多出现在状语从句中。

I’m happy as long as you are(happy).

You’ll have to wash the dishes today because I won’t (wash the dishes).

If (it is) necessary,I can explain this to him.

(3)复合句中若有两个以上的宾语从句,则从第二个宾语从句开始that不能省略。

He told me (that) he enjoyed the concert very much and that he would like to meet the conductor.

Everybody can see (that) this is an important issue and that they cannot afford to overlook it.

(4)缩略状语从句

如果主句和从句的主语一致,状语从句可以省略主语以及谓语的一部分。

When I finished,he waited as if (he was/were) expecting more.

While (he was) recovering from his operation,David renewed an old interest in stockcar racing.

When (they are) ripe, the tomatoes taste delicious.

Object Complement

21.名词、形容词、介词词组作宾语补足语

The class elected him monitor.(名词)

I found the film very interesting.(形容词)

I’d like to find everything in its proper place when I come back.(介词词组)

22.动词不定式、分词作宾语补足语

What did you tell her to do?(不定式)

I’m sorry to have kept you waiting.(现在分词)

 

254俄罗斯最线路网站|糖果派对俄罗斯网址495

XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图