254俄罗斯最线路网站-糖果派对俄罗斯网址495

名师串讲综合英语(二)(珍藏版)2

山西自考网 发布时间:2013年07月25日

5.all的主谓一致

1)代词all表示可数的人或物时,其后的动词用复数形式。

All were hungry and desperate(渴望)for food.

All who have seen the film love it.

(2)代词all表示不可数的名词时,其后的动词用单数。

All is going well.(一切顺利。)

All is quiet in the middle of the night.

(3)形容词all+可数名词时,其后的动词用复数形式。

All roads lead to Rome.(条条道路通罗马。)

All things are difficult when we begin to do them.

(4)形容词all+不可数名词时,其后的动词用单数形式。

All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

Not all food is good to eat.6.none的词组作主语时,其后面的动词单数或复数形式都可用。

None of you have / has had my experience.

None of the hotels are / is ready for guests yet.

 

NounPronoun Agreement

NounPossessive Case Agreement

 

7.名词与代词和名词所有格的一致

一般来说,代词和名词所有格对名词的指代在数的形式上是一致的。

The two sisters have their own different toys.

The men are discussing their opinions at the meeting.当名词为audience,class,committee,enemy,family,faculty,gang,government,jury,media,public,staff,team等既可视为整体名词又可视为个体名词的集体名词时,则要根据它们在句中的意思来确定代词和所有格的形式。

The public demanded that the government account for its new economic policy.

The government had discussed this problem for a long time but they had shown no sign of agreement.

8.不定代词的一致问题

one,everyone,everybody,no one,nobody,anyone,anybody,someone,somebody等作主语时,在正式的文体中其相应的代词一般用him,所有格用his,也有人用him or herhis or her,但是这种用法显得累赘。

Everybody must finish his homework by tomorrow.

Nobody in that position will give his opinion right away.

注意:one作主语时,其相应的代词也可以是one,所有格可以是one’s

One has to be careful about what one says before children.

在非正式文体中,也可根据意义,用复数代词。而且,由于himhis有语言性别歧视之嫌,虽然谓语动词仍用单数形式,现在人们普遍用复数代词。

No one has handed in their paper yet.

Everyone has given their opinion on the issue.

everything,anything,something,nothing作主语时,其相应的代词要用单数形式。

Something has gone wrong,hasn’t it?

Tag Questions

9.附加疑问句的构成

由两部分构成:陈述句+附加成分。附加成分也由两部分构成:助动词或be的一种形式+人称代词(应与陈述句的主语相应)

附加疑问句主要用于口语,表示希望对方的同意或对所陈述之事的首肯。

附加疑问句有下列几种形式:

1)肯定陈述句+否定附加成分(附加成分除极为正式场合或老式英语中都要用缩略形式)

You sure get to see things differently,don’t you?

You’ve heard the news,haven’t you?

(2)否定的陈述句+肯定附加成分

Peter doesn’t smoke,does he?

The party won’t start until seven,will it?

254俄罗斯最线路网站|糖果派对俄罗斯网址495

XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图