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山西自考《英语(二)》课程讲义--语法 练习

山西自考网 发布时间:2013年06月07日

语法 练习

 

一、补充语法常识
  形容词和副词的比较级
  1.比较级+than
  Steel is harder than iron. 钢比铁更硬。

  2.用词或词组修饰比较级,表示强调或稍微。
  3.the+比较级,the+比较级:越来越…The nearer an object is to us, the larger it looks.
  比较级重复

  4.more and more越来越多
  colder and colder越来越冷
  注意事项:
  1.n.的可数与不可数,修饰可数名词用"few""a few",所以比较级"fewer"后面接的也是可数名词。但是"less""little"的比较级也修饰不可数名词。
  2.没有比较级的词:如empty

  二、单元练习

  (一)词汇英译汉:
  1.flight
  
2.negotiation
  
3.transport
  
4.overcome
  
5.internal
  
6.external
  
7.rhythm
  
8.feasible
  
9.assumption
  
10.promote
  
1.effect on
  
2.to blame… on
  
3.to advantage
  
4.now that
  
5.out of step
  
6.to leave … alone
  (二)句子英译汉:

  1.The problem of Jet Lag is one every international traveler comes across at some time. (para.1)
  
2.The effects of rapid travel on the body are actually far more disturbing than we realize. (para.2)
  
3.He later blamed his poor judgment on Jet Lag. (para.3)
  
4.Now that we understand what Jet lag is , we can go some way to overcoming it (para.4)
  
5.The other belongs in our internal clocks which , left alone, would tie the body to a 25 hour - yes , 25 - rhythm.(para.5)
  
6.In time the physiological system will reset itself, but it does take time. (para7)
  
7.One reason for this discrepancy is that different bodily events are controlled by different factors. (para.8)
  
8.It is not feasible to wait four days until the body is used to the new time zone. (para.9)
  
9.But the growth hormone is released during sleep, whenever in the day that sleep occurs.(para.9)
  
10.Protein in meals stimulates wakefulness, while carbohydrates promote sleep.(para.13)
  (三)句子汉译英

  1.不难理解高速旅行给身体带来的不适。
  It is not difficult to understand the disturbing effects of rapid travel on the body.
  
It is not difficult to realize that the disturbing effects on the body are caused by rapid travel.
  2.引起这一不同的原因之一是不同的人体活动由不同的因素控制。

  One reason for this discrepancy is that different bodily events are controlled by different factors.
  3.食物中的蛋白质使人兴奋,而食物中的碳水化合物使人易于入睡。

  Protein in food stimulates wakefulness, while carbohydrates promote sleep.
  4.时差反应是每一个国际旅行者可能遇到的问题。

  The problem of Jet Lag is one every international traveler comes across.
  5.等待几天直到身体的调节机制自然适应新时区,这是不可行的。

  It is not feasible to wait a few days until the bodys regulatory mechanisms are used to the new time zone.
  历年考题

  
1.In practical application, concentration is not _____ the definition may imply. (99.4)
  
A.as simple to deal successfully with as
  
B.so simple to deal successfully with that
  
C.simpler to deal successfully with as that
  
D.as same simple to deal successfully with as
  答案:
A
  考点:本题主要考查as … as 搭配表示"…. 一样"。而选项D as 的后面还有一个词same 因为same 表示的意思也是同样,与同样的意思与as … as 意义重复,因此不选D

  2.Understand what Jet Lag is, and how a careful diet can minimize its worst effects, ______. 99.10
  A.your flight will be less stressful
  
B.and your flights will be less stressful
  
C.or your flights will be less stressful
  
D.in order that your flights will be less stressful
  答案:
B
  分析:本句是一个and 连接的并列句。因此只有B符合题意。

  3.Coffee delays the body clock in the morning, and advances _____ at night. (00.4)
  
A.it
  
B.them
  
C.the coffee
  
D.the body
  答案:
A
  分析:本句是个并列句,and 连接的两个句子结构应一致。因此,advances 后面的宾语应是the body,而为了避免重复,因此用代词it 代替。

  4.汉译英:快速旅行对人体的影响比大家意识到的要大得多。(00.10)
  
The effects of rapid travel on the human body are much greater than we realize.
  
5.The other timing system belongs in our internal clocks, which, left ______, would tie the body to a 25-hour rhythm. (03.4)
  
A.behind
  
B.alone
  
C.out
  
D.aside
  答案:
B
  考点:本题主要考查分词短语leave alone,不管,不理,把放在一边。

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