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山西自考《英语(二)》课程讲义--Text B The Time Message

山西自考网 发布时间:2013年06月07日

Text B The Time Message

 

I.New Words
  1.elusive a.1.躲避的;2.难以捉摸的,难以理解的

  2.tricky a.1.狡猾的,耍花招的;2.难以处理的
  3.slip vi.1.滑动,滑过;2.溜,溜走 vt.使滑动;使滑过
  4.quicksand n.流沙
  5.oversupply vt./n. 过多供应
  6.wayside n. 路边 a. 路边的
  7.flexible a.1.柔韧的,柔顺的;2.可变通的,灵活的
  8.readjustment n.再整理,再调整
  9.project n.1.设计,规划;2.项目
       vt.1.方案,计划;2.投射,映射;3.使突出
  10.appointment n.1.任命;2.约会
  11.weekly a.每周的;一周一次的 ad. 每周;每周一次 n.周刊,周报
  12.adjustment n.调整
  13.realistic a.1.现实的,实际的;2.逼真的;3.现实主义的,现实主义者的
  14.underestimate vt.低估,看轻
  15.overestimate vt.过高估计;过高评价
  16.emergency n.紧急情况;突发事件
  17.routine n.日常工作;例行手续,常规;a.日常的;例行的;常规的
  18.crash a.紧急的,速成的
  19.inflexible a.1.不可弯曲的,僵硬的;2.不可改变的,固执的
  20.adjust vt.1.调整,调节;2.校准
  21.deem vt.认为,相信
  22.assignment n.1.分配,委派;2.任务,(课外)作业
  23.freshman([]freshmen) n.1.新手,生手;2.大学一年级学生
  24.kid vt./vi./n. 1.戏弄,开玩笑;2.欺骗,哄骗
  25.faithfully ad. 忠诚地;如实地
  26.temptation n.引诱,诱惑
  Phrases and Expressions
  1.to look ahead to 向前看;展望未来

  2.to allocate...for 分配给...;配给
  3.to fall by the wayside 半途而废,中途退出
  4.to hang up 1.挂起来;2.挂断(电话);3.延迟,拖延
  5.to throw off 扔掉;摆脱
  6.to work out 作出;制定出
  7.up to date 1.最新的,新式的;2.切合目前情况的(on
  8.to kid...into doing 欺骗去做
  9.to stick with 坚持;继续

  重点词汇精讲:
  elude v.逃避
  1.slip: v.滑动,滑过
  I held her firmly by the arm in case she slipped on the ice. 我紧紧地抓住她的胳膊,以防她在冰上滑倒。
  Just slip out of the room while nobodys looking.
  趁人没注意赶紧溜走。

  2.flexible: a.柔韧的,灵活的
  派生词:inflexible a. 不可弯曲的,僵硬的
  3.adjustment: n.调整
  派生词:adjust v.调整
  He adjusted himself very quickly to the heat of the country. 他使自己很快适应了这个国家的炎热的气候。
  I adjusted my watch yesterday, but it is gaining time again. 我昨天刚对了表,但现在又走快了。
  4.underestimate: vt.低估,看轻
  派生词:estimate v. 评价,评估 overestimate vt.过高估计;过高评价
  词组:
  1.to look ahead to: 向前看,展望未来
  Look straight ahead, and you will see the ship in the distance. 直视前方,你就会看到远处的轮船。
  Looking ahead to the 21stcentury, what shall we do? 展望二十一世纪,大家该怎么办?
  2.to allocate … for: 分配给,配给
  The teacher allocated tasks to each of us. 老师给大家每个人都分配了任务。
  How much funds has the government allocated for the project?
  政府给这项工程拨了多少款?

  3.to fall by the wayside : 半途而废,中途退出
  Cheer up, dont fall by the wayside. 打起精神来,不要半途而废。
  Are councilmen allowed to fall by the wayside? 议员可以中途退出吗?
  4.to hang up: 把电话挂断;
  She hung up before I could explain to her. 我还没来得及向她说明她已经挂断了电话。
  Hang your coat up on that hook. 把你的上衣挂在那个挂钩上。
  to hold on 别挂断
  5.up to date: 最新的,新式的;切合目前情况的
  She always wears clothes that are right up to date. 她总是穿着最时尚的衣服。
  We agree to this plan because it is up to date. 大家同意这个计划,因为它切合目前的情况。
  6.kid sb. into doing sth. 欺骗去做
  He was kidded into believing that he won the lottery. 别人骗他说他赢了彩票。

  He kidded the little boy into believing him. 他哄骗那个小男孩相信他。
  7.to stick with : 坚持,继续
  I stick with my original idea. 我坚持我原来的主张。

  II.课文分析
  You may have been exposed to this idea before, but this time try to hear. There is a message that is trying to reach you, and it is important that it get through loud and clear. The message?
  
1.You may have been exposed to this idea before, but this time try to hear. (para.1)
  注意:情态动词 + 完成式,表示也许,可能,应该,想必已经做了某事

  你也许以前接触过这一思想,不过这次试着听一听。
  2.There is a message that is trying to reach you, and it is important that it get through loud and clear.
  该句是由and连接的并列句,在后半句中,it是形式主语,that从句是实际主语,句意为:

  有一条信息要传达给你,重要的是,这条信息响亮而清楚地传到你的耳际。
  
Time management!
  
Time is elusive and tricky. It is the easiest thing is the world to waste -the most difficult to control. When you look ahead, it may appear you have more than you need. Yet it has a way of slipping through your fingers like quicksand. You may suddenly find that there is no way to stretch the little time you have left to cover all your obligations .For example, as a beginning student looking ahead to a full term you may feel that you have an oversupply of time on your hands. But toward the end of the term you may panic because time is running out. The answer?
  
3.You may suddenly find that there is no way to stretch the little time you have left to cover all your obligations.
  在that引导的宾语从句中,you have left 是定语从句修饰 the little time ,省略了关系代词。

  to cover all your obligations stretch 目的状语;obligations:职责、责任。
  全句大意为:你可能突然发现无法延长所剩不多的时间来完成所有应做的工作。
  Control!
  
Time is dangerous. If you dont control it, it will control you. If you dont make it work for you, it will work against you. You must become the master of time, not the servant.
  
Study hard and play hard is an old proverb, but it sill makes sense. You have plenty of time for classes, study, work, and play if you use your time properly. It is not how much time you allocate for study that counts but how much you learn when you do study.
  
4.Study hard and play hard is an old proverb, but it still makes sense.
  努力学习,尽兴游戏是一则古老的谚语,但它今天仍有意义。

  5.It is not how much time you allocate for study that counts but how much you learn when you do study. 动词count意思是:重要,有价值,起作用
  强调句,正常语序It is not … but … that counts. 由于被强调部分过长,所以倒装。
  全句大意为:起作用的不是你分配多少学习时间,而是你真正学到了多少东西。
  例如:It is not what to read that counts but how to read.
  不是读什么书起作用而是怎样读书。

  Too much wasted time is bad medicine. The more time you waste, the easier it is to continue wasting time. Soon, doing nothing becomes a habit you cant break. It becomes a drug. When this happens, you lose your feeling of accomplishment and you fall by the wayside. A full schedule is a good schedule.
  
Some students refuse to hear the time message. They refuse to accept the fact that college life demands some degree of time control. There is no escape. So whats the next step? If you seriously wish to get the time message, this passage will give it to you. Remember - it will not only improve your grades but also free you to enjoy college life more.
  
6.Remember-it will not only improve your grades but also free you to enjoy college life more.
  注意此句中free是动词,意思是:释放,使自由

  记住,这不仅会提高你的成绩,而且会让你更好地享受大学生活。
  Message 1.Time is valuable -control it from the beginning.
  
Time is today, not tomorrow or next week. Start your plan at the beginning of the term and readjust it with each new project. Thus you can spread your work time around a little.
  
Message 2. Get the notebook habit.
  
Go and buy a pocket-size notebook. There are many varieties of these special notebooks. Select the one you like best. Use it to schedule your study time each day. You can also use it to note important dates, appointments, addresses, and telephone numbers.
  
Keep it with you at all times.
  
Message 3. prepare a weekly study schedule.
  
The main purpose of the notebook is to help you prepare a weekly study schedule. Once prepared, follow the same pattern every week with minor adjustments. Sunday is an excellent day to make up your schedule for the following week. Write in your class schedule first .Add your work hours, if any. Then write in the hours each day you feel you must allocate for study. Keep it simple.
  
7.Once prepared, follow the same pattern every week with minor adjustments.
  此句是祈使句,Once prepared作状语,完整的表达为:
Once your weekly study schedule is prepared.
  一旦你的每周学习日程表制定,每个星期都照着日程表去做,只须做些微调。

  8.Then write in the hours each day you feel you must allocate for study.
  定语从句都省略了关系代词thatwhichfeel后边是宾语从句。

  全句大意为:然后,写下每天你认为应该分配给学习的时数。
  Message 4.Be realistic.
  
When you plan time for these things, be realistic. Dont underestimate. Overestimate, if possible, so that emergencies that arise dont hang you up . Otherwise your entire routine may get thrown off balance while you devote night and day go crash efforts.
  
Message 5.Make study time fit the course.
  
How much study time you schedule for each classroom hour depends on four factors:(1)your ability, (2)the difficulty of the class, (3)the grades you hope to achieve ,and(4) how well you use your study time. One thing, however, is certain: you should schedule a minimum of one hour of study for each classroom hour. In many cases, more will be required.
  
Message 6.Keep your schedule flexible.
  
A good schedule must have a little give so that special projects can be taken care of properly. Think out and prepare your schedule each week and do not become a slave to an inflexible pattern. Adjust it as you deem necessary.
  
9.A good schedule must have a little give so that special projects can be taken care of properly.
  此句中give是名词,意思是:弹性

  so that 引导目的状语从句。
  全句大意为: 一个好的日程表必须有一定的弹性,使特别的项目能得到妥善处理。
  Message 7.Study first - fun later
  
You will enjoy your fun time more after you have completed your study responsibilities. So, where possible, schedule your study hours in advance of fun activities. This is a sound principle to follow, so keep it in mind as you prepare your first schedule.
  
Message 8. Study some each class day.
  
Some concentrated study each day is better than many study hours one day and nothing the next. As you work out your individual schedule, attempt to include a minimum of two study hours each day. This will not only keep the study habit alive but also keep you up to date on your class assignments and projects.
  
Few beginning freshmen can control their time effectively without a written schedule, so why kid yourself into thinking you dont need one? You do, Later on, when you have had more experience and you have the time-control habit, you may be able to operate without it .Of course the schedule is only the first step. Once you have it prepared, you must stick with it and follow it faithfully. You must push away the many temptations that are always present or your schedule is useless. Your schedule will give you control only if you make it work.
  
10.You must push away the many temptations that are always present or your schedule is useless.
  用连词or(否则)连接的并列句,前半句中有一个定语从句。

  全句大意为:你必须摆脱常常出现的许多诱惑,否则你的日程表就一点用处也没有了。

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