山西自考《英语（二）》课程讲义--Text B The Time Message
Text B The Time Message
3.slip vi.1.滑动，滑过；2.溜，溜走 vt.使滑动；使滑过
5.oversupply vt./n. 过多供应
6.wayside n. 路边 a. 路边的
11.weekly a.每周的；一周一次的 ad. 每周；每周一次 n.周刊，周报
24.kid vt./vi./n. 1.戏弄，开玩笑；2.欺骗，哄骗
25.faithfully ad. 忠诚地；如实地
Phrases and Expressions
1.to look ahead to 向前看；展望未来
2.to allocate．．．for 分配给．．．；配给
3.to fall by the wayside 半途而废，中途退出
4.to hang up 1.把…挂起来；2.挂断（电话）；3.延迟，拖延
5.to throw off 扔掉；摆脱
6.to work out 作出；制定出
7.up to date 1．最新的，新式的；2．切合目前情况的（on）
8.to kid．．．into doing 欺骗…去做…
9.to stick with 坚持；继续
I held her firmly by the arm in case she slipped on the ice. 我紧紧地抓住她的胳膊，以防她在冰上滑倒。
Just slip out of the room while nobodys looking.
派生词：inflexible a. 不可弯曲的，僵硬的
He adjusted himself very quickly to the heat of the country. 他使自己很快适应了这个国家的炎热的气候。
I adjusted my watch yesterday, but it is gaining time again. 我昨天刚对了表，但现在又走快了。
派生词：estimate v. 评价，评估 ；overestimate vt.过高估计；过高评价
1.to look ahead to: 向前看，展望未来
Look straight ahead, and you will see the ship in the distance. 直视前方，你就会看到远处的轮船。
Looking ahead to the 21stcentury, what shall we do? 展望二十一世纪，大家该怎么办？
2.to allocate … for: 分配给，配给
The teacher allocated tasks to each of us. 老师给大家每个人都分配了任务。
How much funds has the government allocated for the project?
3.to fall by the wayside : 半途而废，中途退出
Cheer up, dont fall by the wayside. 打起精神来，不要半途而废。
Are councilmen allowed to fall by the wayside? 议员可以中途退出吗？
4.to hang up: 把电话挂断；
She hung up before I could explain to her. 我还没来得及向她说明她已经挂断了电话。
Hang your coat up on that hook. 把你的上衣挂在那个挂钩上。
to hold on 别挂断
5.up to date: 最新的，新式的；切合目前情况的
She always wears clothes that are right up to date. 她总是穿着最时尚的衣服。
We agree to this plan because it is up to date. 大家同意这个计划，因为它切合目前的情况。
6.kid sb. into doing sth. 欺骗… 去做…
He was kidded into believing that he won the lottery. 别人骗他说他赢了彩票。
He kidded the little boy into believing him. 他哄骗那个小男孩相信他。
7.to stick with : 坚持，继续
I stick with my original idea. 我坚持我原来的主张。
You may have been exposed to this idea before, but this time try to hear. There is a message that is trying to reach you, and it is important that it get through loud and clear. The message?
1.You may have been exposed to this idea before, but this time try to hear. (para.1)
注意：情态动词 + 完成式，表示也许，可能，应该，想必已经做了某事
2.There is a message that is trying to reach you, and it is important that it get through loud and clear.
Time is elusive and tricky. It is the easiest thing is the world to waste -the most difficult to control. When you look ahead, it may appear you have more than you need. Yet it has a way of slipping through your fingers like quicksand. You may suddenly find that there is no way to stretch the little time you have left to cover all your obligations .For example, as a beginning student looking ahead to a full term you may feel that you have an oversupply of time on your hands. But toward the end of the term you may panic because time is running out. The answer?
3.You may suddenly find that there is no way to stretch the little time you have left to cover all your obligations.
在that引导的宾语从句中，you have left 是定语从句修饰 the little time ，省略了关系代词。
to cover all your obligations 是stretch 目的状语；obligations：职责、责任。
Time is dangerous. If you dont control it, it will control you. If you dont make it work for you, it will work against you. You must become the master of time, not the servant.
Study hard and play hard is an old proverb, but it sill makes sense. You have plenty of time for classes, study, work, and play if you use your time properly. It is not how much time you allocate for study that counts but how much you learn when you do study.
4.Study hard and play hard is an old proverb, but it still makes sense.
5.It is not how much time you allocate for study that counts but how much you learn when you do study. 动词count意思是：重要，有价值，起作用
强调句，正常语序It is not … but … that counts. 由于被强调部分过长，所以倒装。
例如：It is not what to read that counts but how to read.
Too much wasted time is bad medicine. The more time you waste, the easier it is to continue wasting time. Soon, doing nothing becomes a habit you cant break. It becomes a drug. When this happens, you lose your feeling of accomplishment and you fall by the wayside. A full schedule is a good schedule.
Some students refuse to hear the time message. They refuse to accept the fact that college life demands some degree of time control. There is no escape. So whats the next step? If you seriously wish to get the time message, this passage will give it to you. Remember - it will not only improve your grades but also free you to enjoy college life more.
6.Remember-it will not only improve your grades but also free you to enjoy college life more.
Message 1.Time is valuable -control it from the beginning.
Time is today, not tomorrow or next week. Start your plan at the beginning of the term and readjust it with each new project. Thus you can spread your work time around a little.
Message 2. Get the notebook habit.
Go and buy a pocket-size notebook. There are many varieties of these special notebooks. Select the one you like best. Use it to schedule your study time each day. You can also use it to note important dates, appointments, addresses, and telephone numbers.
Keep it with you at all times.
Message 3. prepare a weekly study schedule.
The main purpose of the notebook is to help you prepare a weekly study schedule. Once prepared, follow the same pattern every week with minor adjustments. Sunday is an excellent day to make up your schedule for the following week. Write in your class schedule first .Add your work hours, if any. Then write in the hours each day you feel you must allocate for study. Keep it simple.
7.Once prepared, follow the same pattern every week with minor adjustments.
此句是祈使句，Once prepared作状语，完整的表达为：Once your weekly study schedule is prepared.
8.Then write in the hours each day you feel you must allocate for study.
Message 4.Be realistic.
When you plan time for these things, be realistic. Dont underestimate. Overestimate, if possible, so that emergencies that arise dont hang you up . Otherwise your entire routine may get thrown off balance while you devote night and day go crash efforts.
Message 5.Make study time fit the course.
How much study time you schedule for each classroom hour depends on four factors:(1)your ability, (2)the difficulty of the class, (3)the grades you hope to achieve ,and(4) how well you use your study time. One thing, however, is certain: you should schedule a minimum of one hour of study for each classroom hour. In many cases, more will be required.
Message 6.Keep your schedule flexible.
A good schedule must have a little give so that special projects can be taken care of properly. Think out and prepare your schedule each week and do not become a slave to an inflexible pattern. Adjust it as you deem necessary.
9.A good schedule must have a little give so that special projects can be taken care of properly.
so that 引导目的状语从句。
Message 7.Study first - fun later
You will enjoy your fun time more after you have completed your study responsibilities. So, where possible, schedule your study hours in advance of fun activities. This is a sound principle to follow, so keep it in mind as you prepare your first schedule.
Message 8. Study some each class day.
Some concentrated study each day is better than many study hours one day and nothing the next. As you work out your individual schedule, attempt to include a minimum of two study hours each day. This will not only keep the study habit alive but also keep you up to date on your class assignments and projects.
Few beginning freshmen can control their time effectively without a written schedule, so why kid yourself into thinking you dont need one? You do, Later on, when you have had more experience and you have the time-control habit, you may be able to operate without it .Of course the schedule is only the first step. Once you have it prepared, you must stick with it and follow it faithfully. You must push away the many temptations that are always present or your schedule is useless. Your schedule will give you control only if you make it work.
10.You must push away the many temptations that are always present or your schedule is useless.