254俄罗斯最线路网站-糖果派对俄罗斯网址495

山西自考《英语(二)》复习资料--Text A 5

山西自考网 发布时间:2012年06月03日
第二部分
  Para.3
  Choice is the opportunity to select among alternatives. If there is no choice, there is no decision to be made. Decision making is the process of choosing, and many decisions have a broad range of choice. For example, a student may be able to choose among a number of different courses in order to implement the decision to obtain a college degree. For managers, every decision has constraints based on policies, procedures, laws, precedents, and the like. These constraints exist at all levels of the organization.
  7.”选择三个词的区别:
  alternative adj.两者或多于两者选一个,供选择的,n.替代物
  choice 选自己喜欢的,挑出,选出
  select 选出最好的,筛选、精选
  8. if 引导的条件状语从句, 主句中的不定式被动态 to be made作定语, 修饰decision
  9.range n. 范围 a broad range of choice 一个很广的选择范围
  10.For managers, every decision has constraints based on policies, procedures, laws, precedents, and the like.
  本句中based on 是一个过去分词作定语修饰constraints.
  be based on 表示"建立在基础上
  例:The book is based on a true story. 这本书是以一个真实的故事为依据的。
  He was the first to draw a map that was based on all available knowledge, rather than guess or imagination. 他第一个画出以当时所有的常识为基础的地图,而不是基于猜测和想象。
  and the like 意思是等等 (之类的东西)
  例:He studied painting, music, English and the like. 他学习了绘画、音乐、英语等等。
  11.at all levels “在各个层次
  Para.4
  Alternatives are the possible courses of action from which choices can be made. If there are no alternatives, there is no choice and, therefore, no decision. If no alternatives are seen, often it means that a thorough job of examining the problems has not been done. For example, managers sometimes treat problems in an either/or fashion; this is their way of simplifying complex problems. But the tendency to simplify blinds them to other alternatives.
  12.from which 引导定语从句,修饰 courses of action 行动方针
  13.a thorough job of examining 一个彻底的考察工作
  a thorough job是主语,of examining the problems 修饰jobhas not been done是句子的谓语。
  thorough a. 彻底的
  through prep. 通过,穿过
  though conj. 虽然,尽管 although
  thought n. 思想
  14.For example, managers sometimes treat problems in an either/or fashion :
  either /or 意思是非此即彼;二者择一
  例:We fight, or we dont -- its an either/or decision.
  大家战斗或不战斗-这是二者择一的决定。

254俄罗斯最线路网站|糖果派对俄罗斯网址495

XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图