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山西自考《英语(二)》复习资料--短语2

山西自考网 发布时间:2012年06月03日

 12.
  
It is thought/said/reported/decided/expected/announced…that
  (it为形式主语,整个句式为被动结构)

  It is said that his father is a very famous writer.
  据说他的父亲是非常有名的作家。

  13.No matter + 引导词引导的让步状语从句。Who/what/where/how/if等。
  No matter where you are,Ill follow you.
  
→Wherever you are, Ill follow you.
  14.where 作连接(ad)"……的地方""……的地方
"
  Where there is a will, there is a way.有志者,事竟成。

  Put it where we can all see it.放到我能看到的地方。
  15.such…that/so…that/so that
  It is such hot day that few people go out.这是如此炎热的天气以至于很少有人外出。

  The day is so hot that few people go out.
  He gets up very early so that he can catch the first bus.他起的很早,是为了赶上第一班车。

  16.rather than与其……不如……(肯定其前,否定其后)

  He is a writer rather than a teacher.
  与其说他是教师,不如说他是作家。

  He lay rather than sat in his armchair.
  与其说他是坐在扶手椅里,不如说他已躺在里边。

  17.be of +(n) →be+(a)
  
Family is of great importance to everybody.
  对每个来说家庭都是非常重要的。

  18.not all 表示部分否定

  Not all of us are students.
  大家并不都是学生。

  19.强调动词do (does/did)
  She does like watching TV.她的确喜欢看电视。

  We do hope that youll go with us .大家的确希翼你能和大家一起去。
  20.neednt+ have+ vpp本来没有必要做某事(事实上已经做了)
  should+ have+ vpp 本来应该做过某事的(事实上没做)
  You neednt+ have watered the flowers. Its going to rain.
  本来你是没有必要浇花的,天就要下雨了。

  You should have finished the task before 1st September.你本来在91日之前完成任务的。
  21.as+(a)+a/an+(n)+as 和某人/物一样的一个人/
  The little boy wants to be as great a scientist as Newton.
  小孩想要成为和牛顿一样伟大的科学家。

  22.the+比较级+(s+ v)the +比较级+(s +v)
  
The harder he works, the happier he feels.
  他工作越努力,他就约感到开心。

  23.not so much…as 与其说……不如说……
  
His success is not so much by chance as by energy.
  他的成功与其说是由于机遇,不如说是由于努力。

  24.常用短语no more(than)不比……仅仅;同……一样不……
  no less(than)不比……不亚于;同……一样不
……
  no longer(than)不再

  no better (than)不比……好(多少)几乎等于……
  
I could no more do that than you.
  我和你一样不能做那件事。

  The factory is no better than a home workshop.
  这座工厂几乎等于一个家庭作坊。

  25.have no choice but to v.别无选择,只能……
  
The child has no choice but to brush his teeth and wash his face.
  孩子别无选择只能自己刷牙洗脸。

  26.A is characteristic of B AB所特有的,AB的特征。
  Windy days are characteristic of March.
  经常刮风是三月份的特征。

  
Honesty is characteristic of children.
  诚实是儿童的特征。

  27.(It is)not that…but that…不是因为……而是因为……
  
Not that Im unwilling to see a film, but that I have no time.
  不是因为我不愿意看影片,而是因为我没有时间。

  28.cant help + ving 禁不住做某事;不由得做某事。
  She is so happy that she cant help singing a song.
  她是如此的开心以至于情不自禁的唱起歌来。

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