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山西自考《英语(二)》复习资料--词汇5

山西自考网 发布时间:2012年05月27日

《英语(二)》复习资料--词汇5

一、词  汇

 考点词汇
  81.accompany 陪同,伴随/为…伴奏
  Mr. Jones played the violin and his daughter accompanied him on the piano.
  琼斯先生拉小提琴,他的女儿用钢琴给他伴奏。
  82.mention(vt)说到,提及。后面可接动名词和从句
  He mentions hearing from his father often.
  他说到他经常收到父亲的信。
  此外mention 还常用在一些习惯表达中
  Dont mention it.相当于You are welcome.即"不用客气"
  83.compose 组成、构成(用被动语态时后接of:be composed of…)
  These houses are chiefly composed of wood.
  这些房屋主要是由木材构成的。
  84.awake
  v. 唤醒;觉醒,领会(a.)醒来的
  awaken(vi)醒、觉醒/(vt)唤醒,使觉醒
  The noise outside the house awoke the sleeping baby.
  屋外的噪音把正在熟睡的婴儿吵醒了。
  We must awaken people to the danger.
  大家必须唤起人们的危机意识。
  85.attempt(vt/n.)企图、试图
  attempt + to + v.
  I attempted to speak but was told to be quiet.
  我试图说话,可是有人要我安静点。
  86.interfere (vi)干涉、介入(~ with/in)/ 妨碍、干扰(~with)
  No government should ~ in the internal affairs of other countries.
  任何政府都不应干涉别国内政。
  The noise interferes with my work.噪音妨碍了我的工作。
  87.
  device (n.)设计,发明物,装置
  devise (v.)设计,发明
  diverse (a.)各种各样的
  88.compete (vi)竞赛、比赛,着重指竞争,不一定要分出胜负 /match 一般指按照某一规则,分出胜负的比赛 /game 一般指某种游戏,不正规的 /race 一般指田径比赛
  compete 可与多个prep搭配使用。如 ~ with / against"与…竞赛"
  ~ in 在…(方面)竞赛 / ~ for 为了…竞赛
  89.provided conj. 倘若/ providing conj. 倘若
  We will have a visit to the seaside providing / provided the weather remains clear.
  如果天气一直晴朗,大家将到海滨去玩。
  90.admit
  (1)承认 ~ + ving
  (2)接纳、吸取(与to,into或in连用)
  (3)(场所)可容纳
  They admitted having stolen something from the store.
  他们承认从商店偷过东西。
  Only one hundred students are admitted to the school each year.
  该校每年只收100名学生。
  The theatre is small and admits only 300 people.
  这个剧院比较小,只能容纳300人。
  91.object(vi.)反对、不赞成
  Most of people objected to the plan.大多数人反对那个计划。
  92.prefer 更愿意,更喜欢
  ①~ to ②~ to do rather than do
  Children usually prefer going out to staying at home.
  孩子们通常愿意出去玩而不愿意呆在家里。
  I prefer to go on study rather than look for a job.
  我愿意继续学习而不愿意找工作。
  93.assign (v.)分配;把…分配给
  The company assigned two rooms to the manager.
  这家企业给经理分了两间房子。
  94.consistent
  一致的: ~ in / 与… 一致、符合:~ with
  He is not consistent in his actions.
  他的行动前后不一致。
  What he does is not consistent with what he says.他言行不一。
  95.assure (v.)使确信;向…保证
  The doctor assured us of the safety of the operation.
  医生向大家保证手术的安全性。
  96.caution (v/n)告诫、警告
  告诫某人不要做某事:~ against / ~ sb not to v
  The father cautioned his little son not to play with fire.
  父亲警告儿子不要玩火。
  97.control (v.)控制、支配
  注意:这个单词可以和许多 prep 搭配,构成短语
  in control of 掌管着,控制着
  out of control / beyond control 不控制
  under control 处于控制之下,受到…的控制
  98.pretty adj. 漂亮的;在口语中,可做 adv. 意思是"相当""非常"
  Im pretty sure that he will agree.
  我确信他会同意。
  The boy badly wants a new bicycle.这孩子非常想要一辆自行车。
  99.considerable
  ①值得考虑的,重要的 ②相当大或多的
  The sun is high in the sky, and the heat is considerable.太阳高高地挂在空中,非常热。
  100.contribute(v.)→ contribution(n.)
  有助于;捐献;投稿(均与介词to搭配)
  The county leaders visit contributes greatly to the mutual understanding between the two countries.
  该国领导人的访问非常有助于两国的相互了解。
  Cigarette smoking is a major factor contributing to lung cancer.抽烟是导致肺癌的一个主要因素。

101.derive (v.)由…得到 / 起源;由…派生(都可与from搭配)
  He derives much pleasure from reading historical stories.
  他从读历史故事中得到许多乐趣。
  Many English words derive from French.
  许多英语词汇源自法语。
  102.owe 欠(债等)/把…归功于…(与to搭配使用)
  His success does not owe to luck but ability.
  他的成功应当归功于他的能力而不是运气。
  103.approve (v.)赞成、批准、通过→disapprove 不赞成 (与of 搭配)
  If my project isnt approved by the headmaster, all my work will be wasted.
  如果我的方案没有得到校长的批准,那么我的所有工作都白费了。
  The father disapproved of his daughters marrying that poor fellow.
  父亲不同意女儿嫁给那个贫穷的小伙子。

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