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山西自考《英语(二)》复习资料--词汇3

山西自考网 发布时间:2012年05月27日

《英语(二)》复习资料--词汇3

一、词  汇

 考点词汇
    41.solve/dissolve/resolve
  (1)solve
  ①find an answer to (a problem, etc);explain or make clear (a mystery, etc)
  解决、解答(难题等);说明,揭示(秘密等)
  solve a maths problem 解数学题 solve a crime 破案
  ②find a way of dealing with (a difficulty, etc)解决(困难等)
  Help me to solve my financial troubles.
  请帮我解决经济困难。
  (2)dissolve
  ①make(solid)become liquid使(固体)溶解
  Water dissolves salt.水能溶解盐。
  ②(cause sth)to come to an end(使某物、某事)终止、解散、取消
  dissolve a marriage解除婚姻关系
  (3)resolve
  ①决定、决心 decide firmly;determine
  She resolved that she would never see him again.
  她决定从此以后再也不见他。
  ②solve or settle (problems, doubts, etc)解决(问题或疑问等)
  Resolve an argument/ a crisis 解决争论/危机
  42.relative adj. 比较的,相对的,有关系的/关于…,涉及…(与to连用)
  She told us all the facts that were relative to this question.
  她把关于这个问题的全部事实告诉了大家。
  43.care(n.)关切、忧虑、照料(v.)关切、忧虑、喜欢
  常用搭配:
  ①take(good)care of(好好)照顾
  ②care about 关心/为…忧虑
  ③care for (sth) 喜欢,想要;关心;介意, 放在心上
  Would you care for another cup of tea? 你还想要杯茶吗?
  44.while(n.)一会儿
  (conj.)①当…的时候 ②而/却(表示对比或相反的情况)③虽然(含有让步的意味)
  He fell asleep while the others were doing their exercises.
  他睡着了而其他人都在做功课。
  While I admit there are some problems, I dont agree they cannot be solved.
  我承认有问题,但我也认为能解决它们。
  45.capable有能力的;
  表示有能力做某事的几种表达
  ①can+v ②be able to + v ③have the ability + to do ④be capable of
  46.demonstrate 说明,演示;论证,证实
  display展示,陈列
  47.
  electric(a.)由电产生的/用电的(使用范围更广,与大家的生活关系密切)
  electrical(a.)与电有关的 electrical engineering 机电工程
  electric:~ current 电流;~ light 电灯;~ iron 电熨斗; ~cooker电炉子
  48.absolute绝对的 / thorough彻底的 / complete完整的
  49.concern
  (n.)牵连;关心,挂念
  (vt.)有关,涉及;关心,挂念
  常用表达:
  (1)be concerned for/about 对某事(人)关心,挂念
  Were all concerned for his future.大家对他的未来很关心。
  (2)as far as…concerned 至于…;对…而言
  As far as structure is concerned, this article is quite good.就结构而言,这篇文章很好。
  50.apply
  (1)申请 ~ to 向…申请 / ~ for 申请…
  (2)适用,把…用于 ~ to
  (3)致力于~ oneself to
  She has applied to the university for the degree of Master of Arts.
  她已经向那所大学申请了文学硕士学位。
  What the teacher said applies to us all.
  老师说的对大家大家都适用。
  All teachers should apply themselves to the teaching cause.
  所有的教师都应当致力于教育事业。
  51.preference 偏爱;优先(权)preference for / to
  Among the subjects Im learning, I have ~ for /to English.
  在所学的科目中,我更喜欢英语。
  52.attitude 态度,表示"对…的态度"时,后常接介词to/towards
  He has a good attitude to / towards his study.
  他对学习有很好的态度。
  53.failure(n.)失败/没做到…,后接不定式做定语
  John had a failure to pass the exam.约翰考试没通过。
  54.determine 决定、决心
  ①to+v/be ~d to+v ②on/upon ③that clause
  We determined to seek the answer to the problem.大家决心寻找这个问题的答案。
  He ~d on an early start.他决定早些动身。
  55.adapt
  (1)使适应 ~ to(介词)使适应…;适用于 / ~for使适合于
  You should adapt yourself to the new environment.你应该使自己适应新的环境。
  He doesnt adapt for such work.他不适合做这种工作。
  (2)改编 ~ as 被改编成…/ ~ from 由/根据…改编/ ~ for 为…而改编
  56.arouse/arise
  arouse(vt)引起;唤起,唤醒/ arise(vi)发生;出现
  His behavior aroused my suspicion.他的行为引起了我的怀疑。
  A new problem has arisen.出现了新的问题。
  57.account (vi)~ for 说明(原因等);导致,引起
  His illness accounts for his absence.他因病缺席。
  58.reluctant(adj.)不情愿的、勉强的 be ~ to + v
  When I asked for help, he seemed reluctant to lend a hand.
  当我向他寻求帮助时,他似乎不愿意忙。
  59.bound
  ①一定的,必然的be ~ to + v.
  ②开往…的,驶往…的be ~ for
  Maggie is bound to study abroad after graduation.
  毕业以后Maggie 一定会出国学。
  The train is bound for QingDao.这列火车是开往青岛的。
  60.specialize (vi)专营,专门研究
  This is a shop specializing in camping equipment.
  这家商店专营野营设备。

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