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山西自考《英语(二)》复习资料--词汇2

山西自考网 发布时间:2012年05月27日

《英语(二)》复习资料--词汇2

一、词  汇

 考点词汇
  21.average
  (n.)平均数(a.)平均的、平常的(v)平均
  on(the)average 平均而言
  22.affect(vt)影响,打动/ effect(n.)结果、后果
  The change in climate may affect your health.
  天气的变化有可能会影响你的健康。
  The film had quite an effect on her.这影片对她的影响非常大。
  23.reflect 思考、考虑;反映 ~ on/upon
  We should ~ on what to do next.大家要考虑一下接下来做什么。
  24.focus (使)聚焦;(使)集中 ~ on
  Their research chiefly focus on the learning techniques of grown-ups.
  他们的研究主要集中在成年人的学习技巧上。
  25.ability能力
  He has the ability to swim like a fish.他能够像鱼一样地游泳。
  26.refer提到、提及;参考refer to(介词)
  I would like to refer back to the first point.我想重提一下第一点。
  Please refer to the dictionary if you come across a new word.如果遇到生词,请查字典。
  27.contrast
  n.:对比,对照 in contrast
  v.:形成对比/把…与…对比 contrast…with…
  His white hair is in sharp contrast to his dark skin.
  His white hair contrasts sharply with his dark skin.
  他的白发与他的黑皮肤形成了鲜明的对比。
  28.quality质量quantity 数量
  good/poor quality 质量好/坏 a great quantity of/quantities of大量的
  29.eager (a.)热切的、渴望的
  be ~ for/about/of sth 渴望…;追求…
  be ~ to do sth渴望做某事
  He is ~ for success.他渴望成功。
  Children are ~ to know everything. 孩子们渴望知道所有的事情。
  30.substitute for …的替代物(名词短语)
  We use honey as a substitute for sugar.大家用蜂蜜代糖。
  31.suppose 认为
  be supposed to 被认为…/本应当…
  He is supposed to be the one who runs fastest among us.
  他被认为是大家当中跑得最快的人。
  We are supposed to get there on time.
  大家应该准点到达那里。
  32.supply 供应,提供
  ~ sth to /for sb
  ~ sb with sth
  School libraries supply books to / for students.
  学校图书馆给学生提供书籍。
  The organization supplies the poor with food.
  这个机构给穷人们提供食物。
  33.engage 从事于、参加 ~ in/be engaged in
  I have no time to engage in gossip.我无暇闲聊。
  He is ~d in his work.他忙于工作。
  34.Scarcely (ad.)几乎不,几乎没有
  scarcely…when… 一…就…
  Scarcely had he entered the room when the telephone rang.
  他刚进屋,电话铃就响了。
  35.destroy (彻底)摧毁 damage (部分性)毁坏
  ruin(常指因天气、忽视等) harm (v./n.)伤害
  36.popular 流行的,受欢迎
  be ~ with… 受…喜欢,受…欢迎
  As a teacher, he was quite popular with his students.
  作为一名教师,他非常受学生的欢迎。
  37.
  discover:发现(原本存在的东西)
  find:找到了(强调结果)
  find out:(也强调结果,但宾语多为抽象名词或短语)
  look for:寻找(强调动作)
  seek:寻找,寻求
  invent:发明出(原来不存的东西)
  38.tell 有"判断、分辨、看出"的意思
  You cannot tell a Chinese from a Japanese just by their faces.
  仅看他们的脸,你无法区分中国人和日本人。
  39.above(水平上方,未必垂直)/over(垂直上方)
  below(在…下方,未必垂直)/under (垂直下方)
  beneath(在…的下方/在(紧靠着)…的底下)
  The small boat is beneath the great waves.
  40.
  board(n.)木板;牌子;董事会(v)上(船、飞机等)
  broad(a.)宽的;广泛的
  aboard(ad.)在(船、飞机、车)上
  abroad(ad.)在国外,在海外

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