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山西自考《英语(二)》复习资料--词汇1

山西自考网 发布时间:2012年05月27日

一、词  汇

 考点词汇
  1.agree→disagree +(with sb/sth)同意某人(事)/ to sth同意某事/on sth就某事达成一致
  They agree on/They agreed on what time they would set out.
  他们就什么时间动身出发达成了一致。
  2.similar
  be ~ to 与…相似
  The two plans are similar but not the same.
  这两个计划相似但不相同。
  3.conclusion结论,推论
  常用短语:come to the ~ 得出结论
  draw a ~ from… 从…中得出结论
  4.succeed in
  The challenger succeeded in swimming across the Channel at last.
  最终挑战者成功地游过了英吉利海峡。
  5.instead / instead of
  Weve no coffee. Would you like tea instead?
  大家没有咖啡了。改喝茶好吗?
  Lets play cards instead of watching TV.
  咱们玩纸牌吧,别看电视了。
  6.Preserve保存 pressure 压力 previous先前的,以前的
  primary最初的,首要的 primitive原始的 priority 优先权
  procedure程序,步骤 process过程、工序 proficiency熟练,精通
  7.consist of 由…组成
  The committee consists of ten members.
  该委员会有十名成员。
  8.mean to do打算做…/ mean + n名词/代词/Ving动名词 意思是/意味着
  I mean to travel through the forest by myself.我打算一个人穿过森林。
  Spending too much now means a shortage of cash next year.现在花过多的钱就意味着明年缺钱花。
  9.when
  He was just going to give up when another chance came.在他要放弃的时候另一个机遇来到了。
  10.vary 变化
  vary ~ from …to … (表示变化的范围、幅度等)
  Prices vary from season to season.价格随着季节的变化而变化。
       11.charge 双重词性(n/v)及多重表意:索价(收费)/指控/使充满
  How much do you charge for a haircut.理发多少钱?
  表"指控"时,与介词"with"搭配,表示"因为…受到指控"
  He was charged by the police with breaking the law.警方指控他违法。(他因违法受到了警方的指控。)
  12.complain of/ about 抱怨
  Students are always complaining about too much homework.学生经常抱怨作业太多。
  如果complain的意思是抱怨某个人有病(痛),则用"of"
  The patient complained of a terrible pain in his chest.
  病人说他胸痛得非常利害。
  13.tend+to do 易于…;往往会…
  He tends to make long speeches.他经常长篇大论。
  14.confuse
  confusing:令人困惑的
  This is a confusing word because it has too many meanings.
  这是个令人分不清的单词因为它有很多意思。
  confused:混乱的,困惑的
  If you try to learn too many things at a time, you may get confused.
  如果你想同时学习很多东西,那么很可能出现混淆。
  15.spend / cost / take
  cost:花费财物
  spend/take:既可以表示花钱也可以表花费时间。
  spend:
  He spends much money / time on books.
  他在书上花了很多钱/很多时间。
  During holidays, people always spend too much time (in) watching TV.
  在假期的时候,人们经常会花很多时间来看视。
  cost:
  The T-shirt costs me 100 Yuan.
  take:(It takes sb some time/(money) to do sth.)
  It takes me five minutes to go to school.
  It took 5 yuan to buy the book.
  16.persuade sb(not)to do:说服某人去/不去做某事
  persuade sb. into doing 说服了某人做了某事/ persuade sb. out of doing sth.说服了某人不去做某事
  persuade sb. of sth 使某人相信某事
  He persuaded her daughter to change her mind.他说服女儿改变主意。
  How can we persuade him into joining us? 怎样才能说服他加入到大家当中来?
  I persuaded him of the truth.我使他相信了这是真的。
  17.characteristic of …的特征
  Rainy days are ~ of July.下雨是7月份的特征。
  18.identify 认为…等同于…;~…with 把…和…等同起来
  He identifies his girlfriends happiness with his own.
  他认为女友的幸福就是自己的幸福。
  19.responsible
  be ~ for 对…负责任
  Parents should be ~ for their childrens education.
  父母要对孩子的教育负责任。
  20.involve 使卷入,使参与
  John was involved in the trouble, and he didnt know what to do.
  约翰被卷入到麻烦中,他不知道该怎么办。

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