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2016年00015英语(二)复习资料-串讲笔记第二部分:系动词10

山西自考网 发布时间:2015年11月14日

22.由直接引语变成间接引语时,一般要往前推一个时态,即:现在时变成过去时;过去时变成过去完成时;将来时变成过去将来时;现在完成时或过去完成时变成过去完成时,表示时间的状语也相应调整。

    “I am being paid by the hour,”she said.

    She said that she was being paid by the hour.

    “The exhibition finished last week,”explained Ann.

    Ann explained that the exhibition had finished the week before.(注意时间状语的变化)

直接引语在变成间接引语时,如果其内容在当时仍然没过时,时态则可往前推也可保持不变。试比较下面两句话:

    He said,“The earth is like a rolling ball.”

   He said that the earth was like a rolling ball.

    He said that the earth is like a rolling ball.

    “Nothing can harm a good man,”said Socrates.

    Socrates said that nothing could harm a good man.

   Socrates said that nothing can harm a good man.

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