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2015年00015英语(二)复习资料-考前笔记:ForandAgains句子精讲第一部分1

山西自考网 发布时间:2015年07月10日

课文句子精讲

第一部分: paras.1 —— paras 4

Para. 1

  1. “We mustn‘t delay any longer…” 大家不可以再拖延了

  mustn‘t 不应该,不可以

  not any longer 不再,再也不 , no longer 不再

  These were the words of Dutchman Cees van Wendel de Joode asking his doctor to help him die. Affected with a serious disease, van Wendel was no longer able to speak clearly and he knew there was no hope of recovery and that his condition was rapidly deteriorating.

Para.2

  2. affected with a serious disease 为过去分词短语作原因状语;句中there was no hope of recovery and that his condition was rapidly deteriorating 是knew 的两个宾语从句。

  本句的意思是:范o万德尔身患重病,再也不能清楚地说话。他知道他没有希翼康复,身体状况正在急剧恶化。

  Van Wendel‘s last three months of life before being given a final, lethal injection by his doctor were filmed and first shown on television last year in the Netherlands. The programme has since been bought by 20 countries and each time it is shown, it starts a nationwide debate on the subject.

Para.3

  3. Van Wendel‘s last three months of life … …were filmed

  不可数名词前面有单位词修饰,谓语的数与单位词的数一致。

  例:Two bottles of beer were served .

  4. 句中“being given a final, lethal injection by his doctor”为被动结构的动名词短语,用作介词 “before”的宾语。句中“film” 用作动词,表示“将故事拍成影片”。

  本句的意思:范o万德尔 生命的最后三个月,在接受医生给他打的最后致命一针之前,被拍成了影片并于去年首次在荷兰电视上播出。

  5. 句中“since ”为副词,表示“从那以后”; each time 引导的是时间状语从句。

  本句译为:“从那时起,已有20多个国家购买了这个节目,每次播放都引起对这个问题的全国性大辩论。

  The Netherlands is the only country in Europe which permits euthanasia, although it is not technically legal there. However, doctors who carry out euthanasia under strict guidelines introduced by the Dutch Parliament two years ago are usually not prosecuted. The guidelines demand that the patient is experiencing extreme suffering , that there is no chance of a cure, and that the patient has made repeated requests for euthanasia .

  permits=allows

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